Trillium recurvatum, Prairie Trillium, is a fairly common Trillium in west Kentucky; frequently found in moist shaded sites like drainage areas, lakes, and swampy land with canopy. It makes a great landscape plant for partial to full shade areas.  Over time it will spread; making a ground cover with foliage and flowers about 12-15 inches tall (Carman says 6-18 inches). The March-April bloom is sessile; sitting down in the crotch of the three leaf stalks. Bloom color is purple, maybe maroon but a bright red has been observed in Land Between the Lakes (LBL) and even a yellow in Lyon County, KY. 

At the UKREC we have propagated it by division. The Cases say "Propagation of Trilliums from seed, is a slow and commercially expensive process."

See a useful Native Plants Journal 3(1):18-20 article on Propagation Protocol for Trilliums by Stephanie Solt.


Case, Frederick W., Jr. and Roberta B. Case.  Trilliuims. Timber Press, 1997.

Carman, Jack B.  Wildflowers of Tennessee High Rim Press, Tullahoma, TN 2001

Trillium recurvatum